1 January 2019 to 31 December 2019
This COP21 RIPPLES project has four overarching objectives:
- To assess the adequacy of the NDCs submitted at COP21 in light of the global temperature target of limiting warming to 2°C/1.5°C, through the analysis of GHG scenarios and energy system scenarios.
- To assess the implications of NDCs and deeper mitigation pathways on other European socio-economic objectives, related to innovation and technology deployment; trade and competiveness; investment, financial flows and economic growth; and global energy markets and energy security.
- To assess the adequacy of the outcomes of COP21, and the implications and opportunities emerging from ongoing UNFCCC negotiations. The project will undertake a social sciences-based (in particular international law and international relations) assessment of the outcome of COP21.
- To provide policy recommendations for EU climate policy and climate diplomacy.